Expert Guidance and Support: Counselling Services in Birmingham

Expert Guidance and Support: Counselling Services in Birmingham


Individuals seek expert mental health guidance and support for various reasons. The most common mental health issues prevalent today are anxiety and depression. These are generally coupled with decision-making difficulties and balancing professional and personal relationships. 

In contrast, more complex mental health problems include coping with loss, understanding gender and sexual identity, and surviving domestic/sexual violence.

Whatever the issue, psychological or mental health problems hinder one’s ability to function optimally to achieve life goals. This is where experienced counsellors and health professionals come in – specialists who help reshape thoughts and emotions and focus on rationalising behaviour and actions. 

Using cognitive, behavioural, and talking techniques, counsellors help struggling individuals become the best of themselves.

Expert Guidance and Support: Counselling Services in Birmingham

The first step to recovering from a mental health problem is finding a counsellor who understands your issue. Fortunately, various types of mental health counselling are available in Birmingham.

1-Addiction Counselling


Addiction refers to the inability to control a certain behaviour and habit, so much so that it becomes harmful and disrupts the quality of life. Common examples of addiction include alcohol/drug abuse, gambling, and smoking.

Although various treatments are effective in overcoming addiction, every individual is different, and treatments must be tailored according to the individual’s particular addiction. In most cases, addiction counselling consists of personalised medication and talking therapies. While medication helps manage withdrawal symptoms, therapies help promote self-restraint and teach individuals how to deal with the physical and psychological after-effects of the addiction.

Furthermore, addiction counselling often includes aftercare support, such as regular check-ups and self-help groups to help individuals cope with their daily lives and resist possible triggers.

Common therapies used in addiction counselling include:

  •  Cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT): helps individuals recognise disturbing thoughts and behaviours and teaches them to reframe them into positive and rational emotions and actions.
  • Dialectical behavioural therapy (DBT): a form of talking treatment based on CBT that helps individuals who experience intense emotions.

2-Anger Management Counselling


Anger is a normal emotion. However, certain individuals routinely deal with feelings of intense rage. This includes uncontrollable fits of anger and irritable outbursts that potentially damage their physical and psychological health and adversely affect the people around them.

Anger management counselling helps individuals manage their anger’s physical and psychological provocation. Counselling teaches individuals to recognise their ‘anger triggers’ and how they can privately and publicly manage them to improve their personal and professional life and amicably resolve everyday problems.

The types of therapies used in anger management counselling include:

  •  Cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT): helps individuals recognise anger triggers using different exercises and teaches various strategies to manage anger. CBT also shows individuals how to convert aggressive communication into relaxed and assertive responses.
  •  Dialectical behavioural therapy (DBT): teaches self-acceptance and coping techniques to regulate emotions and stress better and boosts the individual’s skills, strengths, and self-esteem.
  • Family therapy: helps families work together and improve communication.
  •  Psychodynamic therapy: examines the underlying psychological causes of anger and uses this information to modify unhealthy emotions and behaviours.

3-Anxiety Counselling


Anxiety is an umbrella term that includes the physical and emotional sensations we experience when we are scared, nervous, worried, or uneasy. Although anxiety is a normal emotional response, some individuals experience severe sensations for a prolonged time.

Anxiety counselling helps mitigate these sensations and teaches individuals various coping methods so that they can manage their feelings before they become too overwhelming. Moreover, counselling also helps individuals identify the triggers that induce their anxiety.

Although many talking therapies are available, the most common type used during anxiety counselling is cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT). By examining the individual’s thoughts and behaviours, counsellors help break overwhelming sensations and problems into smaller, easily manageable tasks.

4-Bereavement/Grief Counselling


Bereavement is the time an individual spends coping with loss. Although grieving is normal, these emotions can sometimes manifest in unhealthy forms. Individuals might get extremely angry, become withdrawn, or turn emotionless. Moreover, these unhealthy behaviours can lead to mental health problems like depression.

Bereavement counselling helps individuals navigate through grief and cope with loss healthily. By using talking therapies, bereavement counselling brings individuals to a point where they can function normally, irrespective of how long the process takes. The loss can never be replaced, but counselling aims to build a new life and find a new purpose.

5-Counselling for Domestic Violence/Abuse


Domestic violence/abuse involves physical, mental, emotional, sexual, and financial exploitation. The latter is generally done by someone the individual is close to, such as a close friend, romantic partner, or family member.

Counselling for domestic violence/abuse helps individuals recognise the signs of abuse. It also helps them reevaluate and rationalise their thoughts and behaviours. The techniques and approaches used during counselling include:

  • Cognitive-behavioural therapy (CBT): helps reframe negative thoughts and improves self-esteem
  •  Assertiveness techniques: learning to say ‘no’ and being firm in actions and behaviours
  •  Grounding techniques: learning to stay calm and in touch with yourself, for example, taking long breaths and sipping cold water to reduce anxiety

6-Depression Counselling


Depression is a mood disorder often accompanied by self-loathing, unworthiness, irritability, indecisiveness, and lack of self-esteem and motivation. Living with depression is not only difficult for the individual in question, but it also affects those around them.

Treatment for depression encompasses a variety of options, the most common and often used in combination being counselling psychotherapy, and medication.

The types of counselling and psychotherapy used in treating depression include:

  • Cognitive-behavioural therapy (CBT): helps individuals recognise and cope with negative thoughts and reshape their unhealthy behaviour patterns.
  • Mindfulness-based cognitive therapy (MCT): uses elements of CBT and mindfulness techniques, such as meditation and breathing exercises, to help identify and modify an individual’s relationship with negative thought patterns. 
  • Interpersonal therapy (IPT): focuses on how mental health influences relationships and vice versa
  • Psychodynamic therapy: focuses on how an individual’s unconscious thoughts influence their behaviour and helps uncover subconscious emotions and experiences.
  • Art therapy: utilises artistic modes to help individuals discover their emotions

7-Counselling for Eating Disorders


Eating disorders are categorised as multifactorial mental health disorders that involve an individual’s relationship with eating, food, and themselves. Eating disorders adversely affect an individual’s emotions, sociability, and physical appearance.

Depending on the type of eating disorder they are struggling with, individuals usually have distorted thinking patterns. For instance, they may hear voices or see a different version of themselves in the mirror than the basic version – this is where counselling helps.

Counselling for eating disorders involves monitoring physical health and understanding the inherent psychological causes that lead to an individual developing unhealthy eating habits. Although treatment largely depends on the type of eating disorder and the individual’s preferences, common options include:

  • Cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT)
  •  Family therapy
  •  Interpersonal therapy (IPT)

8-Counselling for Low Self-Confidence


Confidence stems from how others perceive an individual, how they present themselves, and what they can achieve. Self-confidence involves trusting one’s judgement and being content with one’s abilities. While it’s normal to experience low self-confidence, persistent feelings of low confidence can negatively impact mental health.

Counselling for low self-confidence helps individuals recognise where their inherent negative thoughts originate from and make them challenge their negative emotions and behaviours. Moreover, counselling teaches individuals various techniques and strategies to help develop self-confidence and modify negative thought patterns.

Besides talking therapies, other common techniques used to improve self-confidence include:

  • Hypnotherapy: A mind–body intervention that uses hypnosis to establish a state of focus and increased suggestibility to tap into the subconscious reasons causing low self-esteem.
  • Confidence coaching: Helps raise self-confidence by creating a positive viewpoint about life and oneself.

9-Counselling for Low Self-Esteem


Self-esteem is how an individual perceives and values themselves. Individuals with low self-esteem see both themselves and the world around them negatively. Moreover, they may struggle with unhappiness and find it hard to cope with day-to-day challenges.

Persistent feelings of low self-esteem negatively impact mental health and can lead to anxiety, depression, eating disorders, and self-harm. Counselling for low self-esteem helps individuals understand the root cause of their negative opinions about themselves and teaches them to challenge their unhealthy beliefs.

The different types of counselling for low self-esteem include:

  • Cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) 
  • Compassion-focused therapy (CFT): Helps let go of self-blame that usually accompanies negative thoughts
  •  Art therapies: Uses mediums such as drawing, music, and drama to help individuals express themselves and process inherent feelings.

10-Counselling for Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD)


Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) is characterised by intrusive and obsessive thoughts usually accompanied by compulsive impulses. Since the thoughts and obsessions are overwhelming, the only way to relieve them is to repeat a particular action multiple times until the desire is fulfilled.

Counselling for CBT can help individuals break their obsessive cycles and modify their irrational thoughts and beliefs. The types of therapies used are:

  • Cognitive-behavioural therapy (CBT): Teaches individuals to re-evaluate their thoughts and how they act on them.
  • Exposure and response prevention (ERP): A type of CBT that helps control anxieties and behaviours to reduce the need to perform compulsive actions.

11-Counselling for Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD)


Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is an anxiety disorder that certain individuals develop after experiencing or witnessing a traumatic event. PTSD usually involves the individual reliving the event via nightmares and flashbacks triggered by everyday scenarios, making routine life extremely difficult.

Counselling for Post-traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) includes:

  • Trauma-focused cognitive-behavioural therapy (TF-CBT): An adapted form of therapy that helps individuals with PTSD cope with their anxieties and fears and modify their irrational thoughts and behaviours.
  • Eye movement desensitisation and reprocessing (EMDR): Involves making rapid eye movements and thinking about the traumatic experience; the eye movements seem to create a comparable effect to how the brain processes experiences as we sleep. Hence, the idea is to reduce negative symptoms such as anxiety and flashbacks.

12-Relationship/Couples Counselling


Relationship counselling is a talking therapy developed to resolve problems within an intimate relationship. Talking to an objective person, especially an experienced counsellor, is a great way to gain perspective about the issues two individuals face.  

Relationship counselling aims to help individuals:

  • Reconnect with one another
  • Rediscover moments of passion
  • Identify how external triggers (religion, culture, family values, lifestyle, etc.) may negatively affect the relationship.
  • Reflect on past experiences and analyse how they influence the present
  • Communicate more constructively
  • Learn to de-escalate arguments
  • Negotiate and resolve conflicts

13-Counselling for Self-development/Personal Development


Besides treating mental health problems, counselling can also prevent mental and emotional difficulties by cultivating and encouraging personal growth. A five-step model for developing personal growth includes:

  • Survival: medication and cognitive-behavioural therapy are administered at this stage
  • Recovery
  • Progress
  • Pleasure: involves functioning healthily and discovering opportunities that are satisfying and enjoyable.
  • Awareness: involves achieving goals, living purposefully, and looking for future possibilities.

14-Counselling for Self-Harm


Self-harm generally starts as a result of overwhelming and upsetting thoughts. Physical harm can help release the negative emotions accompanying such thoughts; however, the relief is only temporary and is usually followed by guilt and shame. 

Counselling and psychotherapy may be extremely helpful for individuals involved in self-harm. Counselling provides a safe and non-judgmental space to talk about pent-up feelings and emotions and helps identify inherent causes of self-harm.

The two common types of talking therapies used to treat self-harm are:

  • Cognitive-behavioural therapy (CBT)
  • Psychodynamic therapy

Contact Kay’s Counselling Today for Expert Guidance and Support in Mental Health!

Efficiently resolving mental issues requires expert guidance and support from experienced counsellors. An accurate diagnosis is the first step towards effective recovery.

If you or a loved one are struggling with any of the mental health problems mentioned above, look no further – Kay’s Counselling has some of the best and most highly qualified counsellors in Birmingham that use various therapeutic and psychodynamic strategies to help treat individuals struggling with mental health issues.

Moreover, Kay’s also offers online counselling sessions so that individuals can seek the help they need from the comfort of their homes.

So, visit Kay’s Counselling and book an appointment today!